This surname of BURLING was a locational name 'of Birling' a small spot in County Kent, and of Barling in County Essex. Place names as family names come from many different centuries and many different countries. They come from places where the original holder of the name lived or had once lived. They indicate the precise locality in whatever way made most sense to other people at the time. In fact very often this kind of name was given to people by their contemporaries, sometimes as nicknames which just stuck. For example if people were living in a foreign country others often called them by the name of their country of origin. Or if they were living in an area of their own country populated by others of a different ethnic origin they may have been called a name which indicated that. If people, whether in their own country or not, were living in a different County, City, Town or Village than the one from which they came (or were thought to have come!) they have often been called by a name to indicate their real or supposed place of origin. And even within a small village or country parish the name of a farm where they lived or of a hill or river or other landmark near their home has often been used to distinguish one person from another especially when personal names (such as Saints names) were very common and weren't enough to clearly identify one individual.
The name was originally derived from the Old English word BYRGLA and literally meant the dweller beside the forest or wood. Early records of the name mention William de Burgiloun, who was documented in County Norfolk in the year 1216, and Philip de Burgelun appears in County Cambridge in 1273. Edward Burlinge of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. A later instance of the name mentions Ellin, daughter of Richard Burline, who was baptised at St. Thomas the Apostle, London in the year 1561. Translation of arms: Gules (red) denotes Military Fortitude and Magnanimity. Argent (white) means Peace and Sincerity and the burling iron was an instrument used by weavers
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