This surname BURGAN was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'of de Burgoyne' a native of Burgundy. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. It was customary, during this period for a man to take the name of the village or town where he lived or held his land. This name would identify his whole family, and followed them wherever they moved. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Early records of the name mention BURGOYNE (without surname) documented in London in 1198. John de Burgoyne, 1273 County Somerset. William Burgone was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) in County Somerset. Elizabeth de Burgon of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Burgon married Susanna Parkin at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1764. An eminent member of the name was John Burgoune (1722-92) the English soldier and dramatist. He was educated at Westminster School, and entered the army in 1740. In 1743, he eloped with the daughter of the Earl of Derby, and lived for nine years in France. In the seven year's war (1756-63) he distinguished himself by the capture of Valencia (1762). When he returned to England he sat in Parliament as a Tory. Later, having gone over to the Whigs, he was commander-in-chief in Ireland from 1782-83. He was the author of plays including 'The Maid of the Oaks' (1775) and 'The Heiress' written in 1786. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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