The surname of BULPITT was derived from the Old English word bull-pytt literally meaning 'the dweller by the hollow clearing' from residence nearby. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Early records of the name mention BULPHIT (without surname) who was documented in County Yorkshire in the year 1185, and Thomas Bulphatt appears in Lancashire in 1200. William Bulpit of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Thomas Bulphett of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The acquisition of surnames in Europe and England, during the last eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in cultures and traditions. On the whole the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working class or the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. The bulk of surnames in England were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in place names into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. Other records of the name mention John Bullpitt and Mary Watts who were married at St. Antholin, London in the year 1738. Edward Willan and Mary Bullputt were married at St. George's. Hanover Square, London in 1780. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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