The surname of BRAZZA is of Portugese and Spanish origin, a locational name meaning the dweller at a place where sulphate of iron or a red-dye wood was worked. Many of the small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households gave rise to many family names which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II. (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Another way of spelling this name is Brazzi. A notable person with this surname was Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (1852-1905). He was a French explorer of Italian extraction, he was born in Rio de Janeiro. He entered the French Navy in 1870, served in Gabon, and in 1876-78 explored the Ogowe. In 1878 the French government gave him 1000,000 francs for exploring the country north of the Congo, where he secured vast grants of land for france, and founded stations, including that of Brazzaville on the north shore of Stanley pool. In the 8th century, Spain fell under the control of the Moors, and this influence, which lasted into the 12th century, has also left its mark on Hispanic surnames. A few names are based directly on Arabic personal names. The majority of Spanish occupational and nickname surnames, however, are based on ordinary Spanish derivatives.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Portugal.
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