The surname of BRANDA was derived from the Old Norman word 'brandre' meaning fire-sword; it was an old Norman personal name found in medieval times in France and Germany, where the name was rendered as Hildebrand. In Germany the name was also used as a locational name meaning the dweller at the area that had been cleared by fire. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Early records of the name mention Jacobus filius Brande who was recorded in the year 1106 in London and Ralph Branda was documented in 1184 in County Yorkshire. William Brand of County Lincolnshire was recorded in 1273. Wymer Brande of County Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Brand married Elizabeth Clubb at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1796. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during and in the wake of the Invasion of 1066, are nearly all territorial in origin. The followers of William the Conqueror were a pretty mixed lot, and while some of them brought the names of their castles and villages in Normandy with them, many were adventurers of different nationalities attached to William's standard by the hope of plunder, and possessing no family or territorial names of their own. Those of them who acquired lands in England were called by their manors, while others took the name of the offices they held or the military titles given to them, and sometimes, a younger son of a Norman landowner, on receiving a grant of land in his new home dropped his paternal name and adopted that of his newly acquired property. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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