This surname was of the locational group of surnames 'of Bottereaux' a spot in Normandy, France. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. In 1086 the compilation of the Domesday Book was ordered by William the Conqueror (1027-87), king of England from 1066. He was born in Failaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, by Arlette, a tanner's daughter. On his father's death in 1035, the nobles accepted him as a duke. When Edward the Confessor, king of England died in 1066, William invaded England that Autumn, on 14th October, 1066 killing Harold (who had assumed the title of King). English government under William assumed a more feudal aspect, the king's tenants-in-chief and all title to land was derived from his grants, and the Domesday Book contains details of the land settlements, and the names of the owners of such. William de Botereus, who held Boterels Castle, now Boscastle, in County Cornwall, was one of these tenants. Hamo Rannulf Boterel appears in London in 1155, and Reginald Boterell was documented in Yorkshire in 1197. James Butery was recorded in 1248 in Somerset, and William de Botereus, appears in Cornwall in 1302. Thomas Botrell of County Somerset, was recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Reginald de Boterell was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Botterell was baptised at St. Jame's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1672. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards.
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