This surname BOSARGE was a nickname given to one with the characteristics of a buzzard, a kind of hawk, a large bird, now as rare as the eagle in England, but familiar in medieval times. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The name was found in the 12th century, and lingered on as a font name until the 18th century. The name was originally derived from the Old French 'busart' and was brought into England from France.
Early records of the name mention Robert Boszart who was documented in 1177 in Hereford, and William Bozart appears in 1258 in Wales. Peter Busard was documented in County Suffolk in the year 1274. Robertus Bustardbank of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Later instances of the name include Cristofer Hudson and Elizabeth Bustard who were married at St. Antholin, London in the year 1582, and Charles Bustarde of County Oxford, registered at Oxford University in the year 1589. John Greenwood and Alice Bustard were married at Canterbury in the year 1671. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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