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Boghurst Coat of Arms / Boghurst Family Crest

This surname of BOGHURST was a locational name 'of Buckhurst' a spot in County Essex. BOCHERST (without surname) who was documented in the year 1135 in County Essex, and appears to be the first of the name on record. The name was derived from the Old English word 'boc-hyrst' literally meaning the dweller by the beech-trees, from residence nearby. Habitation names are derived from names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named places, which include rivers, houses with signs on them, regions, or whole counties. The original bearer of the name who stayed in his area might be known by the name of his farm, or the locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could aquire the name of that county or the region from which he originated. Prior to the Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066, no one had surnames, only christian or nicknames in England. Based on this, and our physical attributes, we were given surnames incorporating tax codes to show trades, areas in which we lived, as today we have street names and numbers. Surnames were used in France and like speaking countries from about the year 1000, and a few places had second names even earlier. Even early monarchs had additions to show attributes and character, for example Ethelred (red-hair) the Unready (never prepared). Edward I was named 'Long shanks' because of his long legs, and Richard III was called 'Crouchback' owing to his deformed shoulder. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Other records of the name mention BOCHIRST (without surname) who was recorded in 1234, and William Bochhurste, appears in County Lancashire in 1300.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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