The surname of BLOXOM has the associated arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Bloxham, County Oxford and Rugby, County Warwickshire. The name was locational 'of Bloxham' a parish in County Oxford, and a place so called in County Lincolnshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The Normans had three kinds of names from different sources. First were names their Viking ancestors brought from Norway to France (8th Century). That's why they were Normans (Northmen). Second were names they found in France.The Franks (French) had come from Franconia in Germany and had crossed the Rhine to occupy the Roman Province of Gaul (5th Century) and called it France. They mixed Latin and German to create French, translating old Germanic names into it, ignoring existing Latin and Celtic (pre-Roman) names. The Viking Normans who also ditched their own language (except for the names) adopted French names as well. The third kind of Norman names were religious. They became Christians and the most religious of them used Saints names. The Normans between 1066 and 1170 conquered England, southern Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Sicily and southern Italy. They were followed everywhere by other French families and some Bretons (the pre-Roman Celts left in north-west France). To this day their names are found in Royalty, Politics and Big Business in these countries and in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States which their descendants colonised. Early records of the name mention William de Blocesham who was documented in the year 1273 in County Oxford and Geoffrey de Bloxham appears in the same document. Edward Bloxhamme of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream.
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