This surname of BLACOE was a locational name 'of Blencowe', a township in the parish of Greystoke in County Cumberland. Between the 11th and 15th century it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, although they were not commonplace in England and Scotland before the Norman Conquest. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-13277) that it became general practice amongst all people. It was customary for the original bearer to take the name of the town or village where he lived, as his own. This would identify his whole family and followed them wherever they moved. Early records of the name mention Adam de Blencow who was documented in 1332, County Cumberland. Thomas Blinco was recorded in Northamptonshire in 1340. Thomas Blinkowe of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. George Blincoe and Elizabeth Fowler who were married in London in 1590. Christopher Blencow of Cumberland registered at Oxford University in 1618. Thomas Blencowe and Dorothy Marshall were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London, in 1778. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. (Blencowe).
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