The surname of BLACKMON was derived from the Old English word 'blaecmann' a nickname for one with a swarthy complexion. It was a popular font name during the 13th century. Early records of the name mention Blacheman (without surname) who was listed as a tenant-in-chief in the Domesday Book of 1086. Blakkeman filius Aedwardi was recorded in the year 1166 in County Norfolk.
Jordanus filius Blakman appears in 1188 in County Hampshire. Edward Blackmanne of Yorkshire was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1066. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. The name was in Scotland early and is found in the genealogy of the kings of Bernicia in 765.
The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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