The surname of BINNINGTON was a locational name 'of BINNINGTON' a township in the parish of Wllerby in the East Riding of Yorkshre. The name was derived from the Old English word BYNNATUN, literally meaning the dweller at the settlement. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. The earliest of the name on record appears to be BIGNETON (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086, and BENITONA (without surname) was recorded in Yorkshire in the year 1136. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but most of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Later instances of the name mention William BINNINGTON of Yorkshire, who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. 'At Gledhow Terrace, South Kensington, the wife of F.W. BINNINGTON, was delivere of a son'. Recorded in The Daily Telegraph, December 16th, 1893. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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