This surname of BAVARO was of German and Dutch origin, 'one who came from Bavaria', in Germany. This region of South Germany derives its name from that of the Celtic tribes of Boii who once inhabited this area as well as Bohemia; in the sixth century A.D.they were displaced by a Germanic people, a branch of the Marcomanni, who took the name Boiarii. The name has numerous variant spellings which include BAIER, BEIER, BEYER, BAIVIER, BAIVY and BAIWIR. The name also could have meant the 'dweller near a cattle shelter or shed', local names derive from place names, indicating where the man held land, or the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. The associated arms are recorded in Rietstap's Armorial General. The arms were registered in Austria. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
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