This name BAUN was a locational name 'of Bayeux' a small village near Normandy. The name was brought to England with the Conqueror in 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book.
Early records of the name mention Henry de Bayns, 1273 County Lincolnshire. Thomas de Baines was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Baptised. Fraunces Richard Baines, St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1577.
The name was taken to Scotland by settlers and Thomas Ban, burgess of Perth, in 1324 appears to be the first of the name on record. William Bayn was a tenant in Kethyk in 1467 and Martin Bayne held a tenement in Ayr in 1518. Alexander Banys was recorded in 1541. It is recorded that Andrew Beans quarrelled with his wife in 1646.
Andrew Baines was a locksmith in Edinburgh in 1676 and Archibald Beanes was the burgess of St Andrews in 1679. The name could also be a nickname for a fair-headed person, from the Gaelic BAN, meaning white or fair. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans.
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