The surname of BATHE was a locational name 'of Bath' the Cathedral city in County Somerset. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land. Early records of the name mention Job de Bath, County Sussex, 1273. Richard Bath of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Richard Bath of Hampshire, registered at Oxford University in the year 1595.Roger Bird and Doras Bath were married in London in 1611. William son of Joseph Bath was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1674. Habitation names were originally acquired by the original bearer of the name, who, having lived by, at or near a place, would then take that name as a form of identification for himself and his family. When people lived close to the soil as they did in the Middle Ages, they were acutely conscious of every local variation in landscape and countryside. Every field or plot of land was identified in normal conversation by a descriptive term. If a man lived on or near a hill or mountain, or by a river or stream, forests and trees, he might receive the word as a family name. Almost every town, city or village early times, has served to name many families. The English surname, now very rare, was prominent in Leinster in medieval times. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of arms in 1884.
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