The surname of BARTER was a baptismal name 'the son of Batholomew' an ancient font name. It was also occupational 'the Barter' a dealer in goods, one who chaffered, an exchanger. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. The name was derived from the Old French 'bartier' and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Hugh le Bartur, County Oxford, 1273. William Bartier of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Adam Bartar of County Cumberland, registered at Oxford University in the year 1578. Richard Verrier married Betty Barter at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1747. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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