The surname of BARTELL belongs to the relationship group of surnames 'the son of Bartle' a great favourite personal name in the 12th and 13th centuries. Early records of the name mention Bartholomeus Canonicus, 1200 Northumberland. Robert Bartel, 1273 County Huntingdonshire. William Dycke married Maria Bartolomew at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in 1616. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. As a given name in Christian Europe, this name derives its popularity from the apostle St. Bartholomew, the patron saint of tanners, vintners and butlers, about whom virtually nothing is known.
When the coast of England was invaded by William The Conqueror in the year 1066, the Normans brought with them a store of French personal names, which soon, more or less, entirely replaced the traditional more varied Old English personal names, at least among the upper and middle classes. A century of so later, given names of the principal saints of the Christian church began to be used. It is from these two types of given name that the majority of the English patronymic surnames are derived and used to this day.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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