AUCHTERLONIE Family Crest / AUCHTERLONIE Coat of Arms
AUCHTERLONIE, OCHTERLONIE and OCHTERLONY, are surnames of old families in Angus. The name was derived from the lands of Auchterlonie, near Forfar. Habitation names were originally acquired by the original bearer of the name, who, having lived by, at or near a place, would then take that name as a form of identification for himself and his family. When people lived close to the soil as they did in the Middle Ages, they were acutely conscious of every local variation in landscape and countryside. Every field or plot of land was identified in normal conversation by a descriptive term. If a man lived on or near a hill or mountain, or by a river or stream, forests and trees, he might receive the word as a family name. Almost every town, city or village in early times, has served to name many families.
Early records of the name mention John of Othirlony, who dealt with the lands of Kenny in 1226-39. Alexander de Uchtirlowny was a charter witness in Perth, in the year 1410. William Auchterlouny de Kellie was sheriff of Forfar in 1514. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'.
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