AUCHINCLOSS Family Crest / AUCHINCLOSS Coat of Arms
This surname AUCHINCLOSS was from the lands of the name in the parish of Kilmarnock. Archinlos of that Ilk an Ayrshire family long extinct. James Auchincloss of that Ilk appears in record in 1493, and again in 1500 as Achinlos of that Ilk. James Auchinlos, another of that name was a tenant of Welstoun, Ayr in 1499, and Felicity Achinlos of Adamhill is recorded in 1500. James Assinloss was one of the jury that tried Adam Colquhoune for murder in 1561-62. There is a record of a James Asloss in 1611. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The name is also found in the Edinburgh marriage records in 1679, and Hugh Auchincloss (1817-1890) and John Auchincloss, sons of Hugh Auchincloss of Paisley, were prominent merchants in New York City. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. They are a sept of Clan Boyd.
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