This surname of ATKISON was a baptismal name 'the son of Adam', a popular font name since the 13th century. Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth. This was recognized by those of noble birth, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Early records of the name mention ADEKIN (without surname) who was recorded in 1191, County Norfolk. John Adekyn appears in Canterbury in the year 1279. John Adekynes was documented in the year 1332 in County Surrey. Geoffrey Adekyn was documented during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Edmund Akynson of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. George Handaye and Mary Adkisson were married at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in 1718. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. Originally the coat of arms identified the original wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. This name was originally from the Hebrew personal name ADAM, which was borne according to Genesis, by the first man. It is of uncertain etymolology, and often said to be from the Hebrew ADAMA (earth). The Greek legend that Zeus fashioned the first human beings from earth. It was very popular as a given name throughout Europe during the Middle Ages. The name is also spelt Atkins, Atkinson and Adkisson.
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