This surname ARTHUR was a baptismal name 'the son of Arthur' an ancient font name which was taken early to Scotland by settlers. Early records of the name mention Arturus (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Prince Arthur (1187-1203) Duke of Brittany and claimant to the throne of England as the grandson of Henry II He was the posthumous son of Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany. Walter filiuys Arthurii, was documented in County Lincolnshire, 1273. Robert Arthur, was the rector of Castor, in County Norfolk, 1334. Henry Artur of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III Robert Arthur was the rector of Castor in County Norfolk in 1334. William Arthur of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Prince Arthur (1486-1502) was the eldest son of Henry VII born in Winchester. When he was still under two years of age, a marriage was arranged between him and Catherine of Aragon in order to provide an alliance between England and Spain. The wedding took place in November 1501, but Arthur, a sickly youth, died next April at Ludlow. Robert Arthur and Margaret Ballis were married in London in the year 1615, and Benjamim Arthur (a young man of about 18) was baptised at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1709. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Leven Bank, Scotland. Registered in 1803. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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