The surname of ANDEL is the American form of the name Angel, and was an occupational name, one who acted as a religious messenger or as a messenger from God, also a nickname for an angelic person. The Puritans could not oust this name, although bitterly hated by them. The name is also spelt ANGELL, ANDELL, ANGELO, ANGEAU and ANGE. Early records of the name mention Warinus Angelus 1193 County Kent. Michael Angell of County Gloucestershire, registered at Oxford University in the year 1578. James Angel and Ann Lowndes were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1751. Angel Nicholas, 1682 County Kent. As early as the year 1100, it was quite common for English people to give French names to their children, and the earliest instances are found among the upper classes, both the clergy and the patrician families. The Norman-French names used were generally the names most commonly used by the Normans, who had introduced them into England during the Norman Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066. A notable member of the name was Sir Norman Ralph Angell (1872-1967) the English writer and pacifist, born in Holbeach. He wrote 'The Great Illusion' (1910), and another book of the same name in 1993, to prove the economic futility of war, even for winners. He won the 1933 Nobel prize for peace. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but they were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1327-1377) that it became common practice for all people. Arms registered in London, originally from Lancashire. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Thomas ANGELL who emigrated to New England in 1631, and was one of the founders of Boston, is the ancestor of many Americans with this name.
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