This Polish, Ukraine, Russian, Swiss and German surname of ZOOK was a baptismal name 'the son of ZUK' (beetle). Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. A John G. ZOOK was the publisher of 'The Litiz Express', and was born in Manheim Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania on May 30th 1853. In 1879, Mr Zook married Alice Carey. They had five children, Harry, Ethel, Herbert, Alice and Edna. It seems that John ZOOK,s grandfather, Christian, was one of three brothers named ZUG (changed to ZOOK) who emigrated from Switzerland early in the 18th century, from whom all the ZOOKS descend. The name is also spelt ZUCKER, ZUG, ZUCH and ZUCK. American surnames comprise of surnames found in every country throughout the world, many with differences in spelling not seen in the old country due to the inability of clerks and Government officials to record correctly the names given them by unschooled immigrants not familiar with the English, French, German, Portugese, Dutch or Spanish languages currently used in the Port of entry or the part of the country where they settled. When an immigrant arriving in America with little knowledge of English gave his name verbally to the officials, it was written down by them as they heard it, and being thereby 'official' it was often accepted by the immigrant himself as the correct American rendering of his name.
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