This surname of ZEIGLER was a German and Jewish occupational name for a tiler, originally derived from the Old German word ZIEGEL (roof tile) and rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form TEGULA. In the Middle Ages the term came to denote bricks as well as tiles, and so in come cases the term may have denoted a brickmaker or bricklayer, rather than a tiler. The name has numerous variant spellings which include TSIGLER, CIGLER, CYGLER, CYGEL, ZIEGLER, ZIEGELMAN, ZEIGLEMAN and CIHELKA. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. A notable member of the name was Karl ZIEGLER (1898-1973) the German chemist, born in Helsa (Oberhessen). He taught at Marburg from 1920, at Heidelberg from 1936, and in 1943 was appointed director of the Max Planck Carbon Research Institute at Mulheim. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1963. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. When the first immigrants from Europe went to America, the only names current in the new land were Indian names which did not appeal to Europeans vocally, and the Indian names did not influence the surnames or Christian names already possessed by the immigrants. Mostly the immigrant could not read or write and had little or no knowledge as to the proper spelling, and their names suffered at the hands of the government officials. The early town records are full of these mis-spelt names most of which gradually changed back to a more conventional spelling as education progressed.
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