The surname of YORK was a locational name - of York - a familiar early surname to Yorkshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. YORK is the City and country town of North Yorkshire, and seat of the archbishop and primate of England. The name was derived from the Old English word Eoforwic. Early records of the name mention EURUIC (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. AELFIC (without surname) was documented in Yorkshire in the year 1205. Gilbert de Ebor York, was recorded in the year 1273 County Yorkshire. Agnes de York of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Guylberte York and Amy Bonde, married at St.Michael, Cornhill, London in 1557. Rebecca Yorks was buried at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1659. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. It was the name of an English royal dynasty, descending from Edmund of Langley (1341-1402), the 5th son of Edward III and from 1385, Ist Duke of York. The family united with the House of Lancaster, when Henry VII married the eldest daughter of Edward IV in 1486. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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