This name YOOLE was of the baptismal group of surnames 'the son of Jol' a name given to a child born at Christmas time. The name was derived from the Old English word ZEOL, and was taken early by settlers to Scotland. The first people in Scotland to aquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Early records of the name in Scotland mention Johannes Yhole who was the burgess of Dundee in 1374, and Johannes Yhole was the chaplain of Aberdeen in 1391. A quantity of timber was purchased from a Jonete Gule in 1494, and John Youle was an officer in Stirling in 1525. Inza Yowyll held land in Firth in 1553, and Alexander Zule (or Yule) was the headmaster of the Grammar School of Stirling in 1578 until 1612. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
In England the instances of the name are earlier and William Yol was recorded in the year 1199 in London. William Yoel was documented in Wakefield, Yorkshire in the year 1297. Robert Youle of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
The name has many variant spellings which include Youll, Youels, Yoel and Yule.
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