It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. The YODER family in America is descended from Mrs Barbara YODER, a native of Switzerland, who landed in Philadelphia prior to 1727; her husband died on the voyage and was buried at sea. Christian YODER, a grandson of Barbara, became a farmer. Another descendant was Dr. Joseph C. YODER, born in Miffin county on December 21st, 1844. He served part of an apprenticeship in the harness maker's trade in Ohio, but his natural love of learning induced him to abandon that work and seek an education. Part of his school days were passed in Kishacoquillas Seminary, Miffin County, PA. For two winters he taught in the Public Schools in the Kishacoquillas Valley, and attended the Seminary in the summers. In September 1866, at the close of the Civil war, he went South, and near Jonesboro, in Washington, County Tenn. he organized the George Washington Seminary, and here one of his first pupils, was the lady who afterwards became his wife. Dr. and Mrs YODER became the parents of three sons, Jesse D., Arthur Lee. and Ralph Earnest. During the Reformation, Switzerland was not affected by the religious strife that devastated most of Europe; cities such as Geneva were in the middle of the Reformation and John Calvin (1509-64) became prominent as a Protestant reformer, founding Protestantism. Many people of Swiss origin emigrated from there to seek their fortune in other parts of the world. In the United States they particularly populated the states of Pennsylvania, New York, Illinois, Ohio, Texas and California.
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