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Wiles Coat of Arms / Wiles Family Crest

Wiles Coat of Arms / Wiles Family Crest

This surname WILES was a locational name 'of Willey' parishes in the dioceses of Hereford and Worcestershire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The acquisition of surnames in Europe and England, during the last eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in cultures and traditions. On the whole the richer and more powerful classes tended to aquire surnames earlier than the working class or the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. The bulk of surnames in England were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in place names into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. Early records of the name mention Nicholas de Wiles who was documented during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307) and William Wyles appears in Hereford in the year 1273. Hugh de Wyles of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. A later instance of the name mentions, Edmund Willes, of County Somerset who registered at Oxford University in the year 1595.The name is also spelt Wyles, Wyllie and Willes.


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Last Updated: May 9, 2020

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