This English and Scottish surname of WESTIN was a topographic name for someone who lived to the west of a settlement, or a regional name for one who had migrated from further west. The name was derived from the Middle English word WEST. Other spellings of the name include WESTERN, WESTREN, WESTMAN, WESTER, WESTERMAN, WESTERLING, WESTRA, WESTERBERG (western hill), WESTERDAHL (western valley), WESTERLIND (western lime), WESTERLUND (western grove) and WESTERMARK (western land), to name but a few. Habitation names were originally acquired by the original bearer of the name, who, having lived by, at or near a place, would then take that name as a form of identification for himself and his family. When people lived close to the soil as they did in the Middle Ages, they were acutely conscious of every local variation in landscape and countryside. Every field or plot of land was identified in normal conversation by a descriptive term. If a man lived on or near a hill or mountain, or by a river or stream, forests and trees, he might receive the word as a family name. Almost every town, city or village in early times, has served to name many families. Early records of the name mention Godwinus de WESTUNA, who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086 and Adestan de WESTUNA was documented in the year 1086, in county Cornwall. Johannes WESTON of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Samuel WESTERN and Anna Maria Finch, were married in London in the year 1690. James Dolliffe and Anne WESTERN were married at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in the year 1735. Joseph WESTRON and Martha Palmer were married at the same church in the year 1749. There are places of the name in Lanarkshire and a Weston near Dolphinston, Peebleshire. The earliest of the name on record in Scotland is William de WESTONE who was recorded in the year 1296. John of WESTONE was a juror on an inquisition at Peebles in the year 1304 and William WESTONE was in the King of England's service in France in 1369. Thomas WESTOUN forfeited his lands in the reign of David II. Thomas WESTOUN rendered to the Exchequer the accounts of the burgh of Selkirk in the year 1566.
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