This originally Norman surname of WERLING was derived from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements WARIN (guard) and HERI (meaning army). The name has two distinct origins, it was a baptismal name 'the son of Warrener' and an occupational name meaning the keeper of the 'warren' a place privileged for the keeping of conies, hares, partridges and pheasants. The name is also spelt WEILL, WEIL, WIERL, WERTZ, WORLIN, WESSELMAN, WERNJTES and WESSELING, to name but a few. Surnames which were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have the same meaning in many languages. The court of Charlemagne (Charles the Great, king of the Franks (742-814) was Christian and Latin speaking), the vernacular was the Frankish dialect of Old High German, and the personal names in use were Germanic and vernacular. These names were adopted in many parts of northwest Europe, particularly among the noble ruling classes. Hereditary surnames were found in Germany in the second half of the 12th century - a little later than in England and France. It was about the 16th century that they became stabilized. Notables of the name include Kurt WEILL (1900-50) the German composer, born in Dessau. A refugee from the Nazis, he settled in the United States in 1934. In all his works WEILL was influenced by jazz idioms; his later songs, operas and musical comedies, rank among the finest musical products written for the American stage. They include 'Lady in the Dark' (1940) and 'Street Scene' (1946). Andre WEIL, born in 1906, the French mathematician, born in Paris. He studied at the University of Paris, spent two years in India, Strasbourg, the United States and Brazil, before settling at Princeton in 1958. One of the most brilliant mathematicians of the century, he has also written on the history of maths. German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet.
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