The surname of WEIR was originally of Norman origin from the place named Vere a small spot in Normandy, France and the name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066 with William the Conqueror. The first of the name on record in Scotland appears to be a Ralph de Ver, who was taken prisoner, along with William the Lion in 1174, at Alnwick. Radulph le Ver witnessed a grant to the Abbey of Arbroath in 1204. Thomas Were was a juror on an inquisition in Lanark in 1432. They hold their allegiance to Buchanan, MacFarlane and MacNaughton Clans. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The name was introduced into Ireland from Scotland, at the time of the Plantation. In Ireland the name in Gaelic is Mac an Mhaoir (steward).The name was anglicized Mac Moyer. This County Armagh family is to be distinguished from another County Armagh sept named Mac Giolla Uidhir, formerly MacGillaweer, hence occasionally Weir. In County Westmeath, Weir is a mistranslation of O'Corra, sometimes of English origin. The Irish prefixes of Mac (son of) and O (grandson or descendant of) gave rise at an early date. Other records of the name also include John de la Were, County Oxford, 1273. Thomas Weare and Isabella Wilkinson were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1665. Charles Weir married Mary Harding at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1805. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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