This German and English surname of WEIGANDT is of two-fold origin. It was derived from the Breton personal name WIUCON, composed of the elements meaning 'worthy' + 'high, noble', which was introduced into England by followers of William the Conqueror. It was also from the Germanic personal name WIGANT, originally a byname meaning 'warrior'. This was also introduced to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Other spellings of the name include WIGIN, WIGAN, WIGAND, WEIGAND, WEIGANG, WEIGT, WEICHT, WIGANDT, WIEGANK, WEIGEL, WEIGL, WITZEL, WIGGINS, WIGGANS and WIGENS. Early records of the name mention WIGHEN (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Radulfus filius WIGEIN, was documented in Leicestershire in 1163. WYGANUS Marescall was recorded during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). John WYGEN of County Cornwall, was recorded in 1279. Thomas WYGAN of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Daniel WIGGEN and Mary Bridge, were married at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in 1705. John WIGANS and Mary Spong were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1760. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Surnames which were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have the same meaning in many languages. The court of Charlemagne (Charles the Great, king of the Franks (742-814) was Christian and Latin speaking). The vernacular was the Frankish dialect of Old High German, and the personal names in use were Germanic and vernacular. These names were adopted in many parts of northwest Europe, particularly among the noble ruling classes. Hereditary surnames were found in Germany in the second half of the 12th century - a little later than in England and France. It was about the 16th century that they became stabilized. Thomas WIGGENS and Elizabeth Beakley were married at the same church in 1793. Rynne WIGGEIN and Arch WIGGEN, were documented in East Teviotdaill, Scotland in 1596.
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