The surname of WARDEN is of two origins, firstly derived from the Old English word WARDE - the dweller on the marshy land and also occupational, the guardian or watchman. Early records of the name mention William de Wardon who was documented in the year 1273 in County Oxford, and Elyas Wardeden appears in County Oxford in the same year. Alice le Wardes, 1352, Derbyshire. Willemus Warden was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Buried. Peter, sonne of Thomas Warden, upholsterer, who lodged at the Blacke Bull in Leadenhall Street, London in 1606. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Later instances of the name include Anne, wife of Robert Warden, who was buried at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in 1595, and Edward, son of Thomas Warden was baptised at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in 1684. John, son of John Wardin was baptised at the same church in 1700. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards.
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