This surname VOELKER was derived from the Old German Fulchar which was from the elements of FOLK (people) and HERI (army). The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. This name however was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. The name is also spelt VOLK, VOLKER, FOLK, FOLKE, FOLKER and FOELKER. The earliest of the name on record mentions Fulcher (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday Book. Paul A. VOLCKER, born in 1927 was the economist born in Cape May, New Jersey. After many years in government banking, he served as the chairman of the Federal Reserve Board (1979-87). He then became professor of international economics at Princeton University, as well as a partner in the investment firm of James D. Wolfensohn, Inc.
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