The surname of VINNICOMBE and its variant Vinicombe was a locational name ' the dweller at the vinyard or valley 'where grapes were grown'. The name was probably brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Local names derived from a place name, indicating where the man held land, or the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. For the original bearer dwelling in a town, the name could have meant one who sold wines, or one who dwelt at the sign of the vinyard, perhaps an Inn or Tavern. Early records of the name mention Robert de Vigne, 1263, Henry de la Vine appears in 1270. Ralph de Viniciombe, 1273 County Yorkshire. Richard Atte Vygne (brewer) appears in the year 1311. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, although they were not commonplace in England and Scotland until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327). Those of gentler blood and noble birth, recognized that an additional name added practical advantage and prestige to their status. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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