This surname of VINING was a Catalan habitation name from any of the various minor places so called in Spain. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form VINEA meaning a vineyard. The name is also spelt VINER, VINYALS, VINALS, VINNING and VINE. It was also an occupational name for a maker and seller of wine. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. The name was brought into England during the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066 and early records of the name mention Adam de Viner who was documented during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Reginald le Vinere, was recorded in the County of Bedfordshire, in the same year. Richard Vign of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Henry Vyne and Jane Dowding were married in London in the year 1554, and Edward Fidler married Hannah Vine at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1740. A notable member of the name was Charles Viner (1678-1756) the English legal scholar, born in Salisbury. He studied law at Oxford but never qualified and never practised, yet he produced a massive 'Abridgment' of the law of England in 23 volumes. He left most of his considerable estate to Oxford University to enable it to found the Vinerian Scholarships and the Vinerian chair of English law, first held by Sir William Blackstone. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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