The surname of VINE was an occupational name 'the viner' a vine grower, one who superintended a vine-yard. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday book. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Adam de Viner, during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Reginald le Vinere, was documented in the County of Bedfordshire, ibid. Richard Vign of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Henry Vyne and Jane Dowding were married in London in the year 1554, and Edward Fidler married Hannah Vine at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1740. A notable member of the name was Charles Viner (1678-1756) the English legal scholar, born in Salisbury. He studied law at Oxford but never qualified and never practised, yet he produced a massive 'Abridgment' of the law of England in 23 volumes. He left most of his considerable estate to Oxford University to enable it to found the Vinerian Scholarships and the Vinerian chair of English law, first held by Sir William Blackstone. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
Orders over $85 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).