The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. This Spanish and Italian surname of VIGIL is of varying origins. It was a baptismal name 'the descendant of VIGIL'; one born on the feast of nativity. The name was given to commemorate the watch the night before the birth of our Lord. It was also a nickname for a sharp and alert man. Other spellings of the name include VIGEL, VIGILANTE and VIGILIO. Despite evidence that hereditary surnames were in use in the Venetian Republic as early as the 10th Century, the origin of many Italian surnames is unclear. There is still a great potential for research into medieval Italian records while documented evidence indicates the adoption of the father's name as a surname is the most common form. The familiar endings of "i" and "o", meaning to be a member of a certain family, bears this out. The Church played a very important role in Central Italian heraldry and many Italian families who derived their titles from popes incorporated elements of the papal insignia, notably the papal tiara and the crossed keys, on their Coats of Arms. As in the rest of Europe, the turbulent history of Italy in the Middle Ages is reflected in its heraldry. Traces remain from the successive invasions of the Germans, French, Spanish and Austrians. Certain characteristics, such as the use of horse-shaped shields which were put on the foreheads of horses during tournaments, remain uniquely Italian. VIRGIL or VERGIL in full Publius Vergilius Maro (70-19BC) was the greatest Latin poet, born in Andes, near Mantua. He studied rhetoric and philosophy in Rome, and became one of the endowed court poets who gathered round the minister and patron, Maecenas. His 'Eclogues' (37BC) were received with great enthusiasm. Soon afterwards he withdrew to Campania, where he wrote the 'Art of Husbandry' (36-29BC), and for the rest of his life worked at the request of the emperor on the 'Aeneid'. When this was almost completed, he travelled in Greece and Asia, but fell ill and died in Brundisium.
Orders over $85 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).