This surname of VERON was a habitation name for someone who came from the city and province of VERONA in north east Italy. The name was rendered in ancient documents in the Latin form VERONA. The town was an important settlement long before its capture by the Romans in 89 BC. Other spellings of the name include VERONA and VERONESE. Despite evidence that hereditary surnames were in use in the Venetian Republic as early as the 10th Century, the origin of many Italian surnames is unclear. There is still a great potential for research into medieval Italian records while documented evidence indicates the adoption of the father's name as a surname is the most common form. The familiar endings of "i" and "o", meaning to be a member of a certain family, bears this out. The Church played a very important role in Central Italian heraldry and many Italian families who derived their titles from popes incorporated elements of the papal insignia, notably the papal tiara and the crossed keys, on their Coats of Arms. As in the rest of Europe, the turbulent history of Italy in the Middle Ages is reflected in its heraldry. Traces remain from the successive invasions of the Germans, French, Spanish and Austrians. Certain characteristics, such as the use of horse-shaped shields which were put on the foreheads of horses during tournaments, remain uniquely Italian. Paolo VERONESE (circa.1528-88) was the Venetian decorative painter, born in Verona, Italy. He worked at Verona and Mantura, then settled in Venice in 1555, where he came to rank with Titian and Tintoretto. The Church of San Sebastiano in Venice contains many pictures of the period before his visits to Rome in 1560. His major paintings include 'The Marriage Feast at Cana' (1562) Louvre, and 'The Adoration of the Magi' (1573), National Gallery, London. Throughout all of Europe the wolf was one of the animals most revered in medieval times. Lycanthropy, the transformation of men into wolves, was widely believed in during the middle ages, and was often used in coat armour, as in the arms depicted here.
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