This surname of VAN DUYNE is a Dutch topographic name for someone who lived by a sand dune. The name was originally rendered in the Old Dutch form DUNE. Other spellings of the name include VAN DIEMAN, VAN DUIJN, VAN DUYNE, VAN DUINAN and VAN DONE. Dutchmen who have surnames from towns, cities or districts, are mostly distinguished by the prefix VAN. In the United States the use of capital and initial letters and spaces is optional with the particular family. The Dutch language is most closely related to Low German, and its surnames have been influenced both by German and French naming practices. The preposition 'van' is found especially with habitation names, and the 'de' mainly with nicknames. Habitation names were originally acquired by the original bearer of the name, who, having lived by, at or near a place, would then take that name as a form of identification for himself and his family. When people lived close to the soil as they did in the Middle Ages, they were acutely conscious of every local variation in landscape and countryside. Every field or plot of land was identified in normal conversation by a descriptive term. If a man lived on or near a hill or mountain, or by a river or stream, forests and trees, he might receive the word as a family name. Almost every town, city or village in early times, has served to name many families. Anthony von DIEMAN (1593-1645) was the Dutch colonial administrator, who was governor general of Batavia from 1636 and was responsible for the conquest of Malacca (1641) and parts of Ceylon (1644) important to the spice trade. He also commissioned Tasman to explore the South Pacific in the interests of trade (1642, 1644) and discovered Van DIEMAN's Land (now Tasmania). Compared to other countries, Dutch heraldry is notably simpler, some of the shields bearing only a single charge. Generally speaking one helmet, one shield and one crest has been used, quartering is uncommon and mottoes are rare.
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