The Portugese surname of VALLADARES was originally from the Germanic personal name BALDO, a short form of the various names with the first element of BAUD (meaning bold). It was also a nickname given to a lively person. The name has numerous spellings which include VALDES, VALDEZ, DI BAUDI, BALDONI, BAUDE and BAUDTS to name but a few. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. Juan de VALDES (1500-41) was the Spanish humanist and religious reformer, born in Cuenca. He became an object of suspicion to the Inquisition, and lived in Naples from 1534. Among his works are 'The Christian Alphabet' (1536), and Commentaries, some of them translated into English. Armando Palacio VALDES (1853-1938) was the Spanish novelist born in Entralgo in Asturias. Some of his novels were translated as 'The Marquis of Penalba', 'Sister Saint' and 'The Grandee'. Portugese surnames share many of the features of Spanish surnames, in particular Arabic and Visigothic influence. A notable feature of Portugese surnames is the class of religious names referring to festivals of the church or attributes of the Virgin Mary. One respect in which Portugese names differ from those of the rest of the Iberian peninsular, is that some were adopted at a comparatively late date and honour saints who did not give rise to surnames in other languages. Portugese names typically have the ending 'eiro'. Portugese heraldry is characterized by the use of broad shields, quite often with borders. This is a practice dating back from earlier times when it was the practice for a man to enclose his arms with a border charged with single heraldic devices taken from the arms of his wife, or even sometimes with her complete arms arranged as a series of small shields.
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