The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. This Spanish surname of VALDIVIA was a late name and was probably taken from a political doctrine, which claimed that monarchs are responsible only to God, and that their subjects owe them unquestioning obedience. The theory originated in the Middle Ages, and was most fully developed in the 16th and 17th centuries, especially in England and France, where its leading exponent was Louis XIV. The name is also spelt VALDIVO, DIVIO, DIVIA and VALDIVA. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. Pedro de VALDIVIA (circa.1498-1559) was the Spanish soldier, born near La Serena in Spain. He went to Venezuela (circa. 1534) and then to Peru, where he became Pizarro's lieutenant. He commanded the expedition to Chile in 1540 and founded Santiago in 1541. In 1559 he attempted with a small force to relieve Tucapel, which was being besieged by the Araucanians, and was captured and killed. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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