The surname of TUREK was originally a nickname for a rowdy or unruly person, and was derived from the Old French word TURC. This English medieval given name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. In Scotland the name is Galwegian, gaelicized as MacTUIRC and other spellings of the name include TURCQ, LETURC, TURCH, THURCH, TURQUET and TERKEL. John Makturk in Mekel Ariewland in the barony of Mochrum is in record in 1538, and Bessie Makturck was married in Edinburgh in 1621. John Makturke appears in 1624 and John M'Turk is recorded in the parish of Carsphairn in the year 1674. Several persons of this name were charged with being disorderly in the parish of Carsfern in 1684. John Macturk, a parish schoolmaster of Tillicoultry, nearly a century ago, was a man of wide culture. Early records of the name in England mention William le Turc, County Essex, 1273. Philip Turk, County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Baptised. Robert Turke at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1613. Thomas Turk married Elizabeth Jones at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1751. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. The lion is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
Orders over $85 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).