This surname TURBIN was derived from the Old French name 'Purbeorn' meaning the descendant of Thur, a warrior. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Anglo-Norman Invasion of 1066 and Thurbernus (without surname) listed in the Domesday Book of 1086, appears to be the first of the name on record. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book. Other records of the name mention Walter Thurban who was recorded in the year 1327 in County Essex. Philip Thorbarn of County Somerset was documented during the reign of Edward 111. (1327-1377) and Thomas Turbin of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of the year 1379. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. Later instances of this name include Miles Case and Agnes Thurbarne who were married in London in the year 1574, and John Thorburn and Anne Atkins were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1808.
The associated coat of arms is registered in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
The name is also spelt Thurbane and Thurban.
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