The surname of TUPHOLME was a locational name 'of Tupholme' in County Lincolnshire. The name actually meant 'the dweller at Ram's Island'. Local names usually denoted where the original bearer of the name held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records include Tupeholm (without surname) 1175 Lincolnshire. Tupeholma (without surname) 1209 ibid. The arms are recorded in Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. (William Tupholme, sonne and heir to John Tupholme, sonne and heir of Thomas Tupholme and Isabell, his wyfe, doghter and heire of William Burnam of Boston in the Countie of Lyncolne). The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufactures. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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