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Tumlin Coat of Arms / Tumlin Family Crest

Tumlin Coat of Arms / Tumlin Family Crest

This surname of TUMLIN is of English (and Welsh and Cornish), French, German, Dutch/Flemish and Danish/Norgwegian origin. It was originally from the popular medieval given name, of biblical origin, an Aramaic byname meaning 'Twin', borne by one of the disciples of Christ, best known for his scepticism about Christ's resurrection. The name was anglicized in England to Thomas, and there are numerous variant spellings of the name, which has travelled all over the world. They include TOMAS, TOMA, TOMALA, TUMINI, THOMONY and TOMMEI. The name was probably brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066, and Ralph Adam Turnman who appears in County Bedfordshire in the year 1279, appears to be the first of the name on record. Pagan Tineman was documented in 1317 in County Essex, and Thomas Tonman of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. The name has also appeared in Ireland, where it has been Gaelicized as O'Tuamain. It was found in County Tyrone, and is still found in areas lying east to that county. As Tooman it is found in County Roscommon. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.


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Last Updated: January 15th, 2021

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