This Scottish surname of TULLOCK was a local name from TULLOCH in the parish of Dingwall. The name has numerous variant spellings which include TULLO, TULLOH, THOLACH, TILACH, TULLAUCH, TULLOISS, TULLOUS, TULLOYCHT and TULOUS to name but a few. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Nicholas de TOLACH, who was a witness in Brechin in 1364, and Fergus de TULACHE was precentor in Brechin in 1372, an office held by another Fergus de TULATH in 1450. Walterus de TOLACHT was a witness in Aberdeen in 1387, and Wat of TULLOCH was recorded in 1388. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Later instances of the name include John, son of William of TOULLOCHT, who was appointed keeper of the Muir of Montrewmonth in 1399. John TULACH was the burgess of Aberdeen in 1411, and Hector de TULLACH was a canon in 1467. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries.
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