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Tullis Coat of Arms / Tullis Family Crest

Tullis Coat of Arms / Tullis Family Crest

This surname of TULLIS is a Scottish surname of great antiquity. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Francis TULLOIS, who was the heir of Michael TULLOIS of Hilcairny, his brother in 1555. Mr. James TULLUS was the minister of Burntisland in 1598, and Janet TULLOUS was married in Edinburgh in 1618. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Later instances of the name include Mr John TULLIS who was the minister at Weyms in 1631, and Alexander TULLIS was a hammerman at St. Andrews in 1688. Robert TULLIS introduced printing into Cupar-Fife in 1803. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.


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Last Updated: January 15th, 2021

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