The surname of TULL was an occupational name 'the tiler' one who baked clay into tiles. A familiar medieval occupation, since in the Middle Ages tiles were widely used in floors and pavements, and to a lesser extent in roofing. The name is also spelt TILER, TYLOR, THULLIER, THIOLIER, TEULIER and TILLIER. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II. (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Early records of the name mention Geoffrey le Tylere, 1273 County Hereford. Robert le Tieghler of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Wat (Walter) Tyler was an English rebel and the leader of the peasants' revolt of 1381, probably a tiler from Essex. Thomas Nash and Mary Tyler were married at St. James's, Hanover Square, London in 1685. Other names mentioned are John Tyler (1790-1862) the tenth president of the USA, born in Charles City County, Virginia and Sir Edward Burnet Tylor (1832-1917) an English anthropologist, born in Camberwell, London and Keeper of the University Museum at Oxford and first professor of anthropology at Oxford University. Another name on record is Anne Tyler (1941) an American novelist born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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