This surname of TUFFIELD was of the locational group of names meaning 'the dweller at the tall-field', probably from residence beside or inside a pent-house, once called a 'to-fall'. The name is also spelt TOFIELD and TUFFILL.The earliest of the name on record appears to be William TOFFIELD, who was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Edward TORFIELD of Yorkshire, who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Later instances of the name include Edward Sneller and Audry TOFEILD, who were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1632, and William Murril and Abigal TOFELL were wed at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair in 1729. James TOFIELD and Emily Wiltshire were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1802. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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